When reversing embedded code, it is often the case that completely different devices are built around a common code base, either due to code re-use by the vendor, or through the use of third-party software; this is especially true of devices running the same Real Time Operating System.
For example, I have two different routers, manufactured by two different vendors, and released about four years apart. Both devices run VxWorks, but the firmware for the older device included a symbol table, making it trivial to identify most of the original function names:
The older device with the symbol table is running VxWorks 5.5, while the newer device (with no symbol table) runs VxWorks 5.5.1, so they are pretty close in terms of their OS version. However, even simple functions contain a very different sequence of instructions when compared between the two firmwares:
Of course, binary variations can be the result of any number of things, including differences in the compiler version and changes to the build options.
Despite this, it would still be quite useful to take the known symbol names from the older device, particularly those of standard and common subroutines, and apply them to the newer device in order to facilitate the reversing of higher level functionality.